Discussion in 'Disability' started by stumpy, Jul 11, 2004.
Initial Evaluation for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Initial Evaluation for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
# 0910 Worksheet
Date of Exam: C-number:
Place of Exam:
A. Identifying Information:
era of military service
reason for referral (original exam to establish PTSD diagnosis and related psychosocial impairment; re-evaluation of status of existing service-connected PTSD condition)
B. Sources of Information:
records reviewed (C-file, DD-214, medical records, other documentation)
review of social-industrial survey completed by social worker
statements from collaterals
administration of psychometric tests and questionnaires (identify here)
C. Review of Medical Records:
Past Medical History:
Previous hospitalizations and outpatient care.
Complete medical history is required, including history since discharge from military service.
Review of Claims Folder is required on initial exams to establish or rule out the diagnosis.
Present Medical History - over the past one year.
Frequency, severity and duration of medical and psychiatric symptoms.
Length of remissions, to include capacity for adjustment during periods of remissions.
D. Examination (Objective Findings):
Address each of the following and fully describe:
History (Subjective Complaints):
Premilitary History (refer to social-industrial survey if completed)
describe family structure and environment where raised (identify constellation of family members and quality of relationships)
quality of peer relationships and social adjustment (e.g., activities, achievements, athletic and/or extracurricular involvement, sexual involvements, etc.)
education obtained and performance in school · employment
delinquency or behavior conduct disturbances
substance use patterns
significant medical problems and treatments obtained
family psychiatric history
exposure to traumatic stressors (see CAPS trauma assessment checklist)
summary assessment of psychosocial adjustment and progression through developmental milestones (performance in employment or schooling, routine responsibilities of self-care, family role functioning, physical health, social/interpersonal relationships, recreation/leisure pursuits).
branch of service (enlisted or drafted)
dates of service
dates and location of war zone duty and number of months stationed in war zone
Military Occupational Specialty (describe nature and duration of job(s) in war zone
highest rank obtained during service (rank at discharge if different)
type of discharge from military
describe routine combat stressors veterans was exposed to (refer to Combat Scale)
combat wounds sustained (describe)
clearly describe specific stressor event(s) veteran considered particularly traumatic. Clearly describe the stressor. Particularly if the stressor is a type of personal assault, including sexual assault, provide information, with examples, if possible.
indicate overall level of traumatic stress exposure (high, moderate, low) based on frequency and severity of incident exposure (refer to trauma assessment scale scores described in Appendix B).
citations or medals received
disciplinary infractions or other adjustment problems during military
NOTE: Service connection for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) requires medical evidence establishing a diagnosis of the condition that conforms to the diagnostic criteria of DSM-IV, credible supporting evidence that the claimed in-service stressor actually occurred, and a link, established by medical evidence, between current symptomatology and the claimed in-service stressor. It is the responsibility of the examiner to indicate the traumatic stressor leading to PTSD, if he or she makes the diagnosis of PTSD. Crucial in this description are specific details of the stressor, with names, dates, and places linked to the stressor, so that the rating specialist can confirm that the cited stressor occurred during active duty.
A diagnosis of PTSD cannot be adequately documented or ruled out without obtaining a detailed military history and reviewing the claims folder. This means that initial review of the folder prior to examination, the history and examination itself, and the dictation for an examination initially establishing PTSD will often require more time than for examinations of other disorders. Ninety minutes to two hours on an initial exam is normal.
Post-Military Trauma History (refer to social-industrial survey if completed)
describe post-military traumatic events (see CAPS trauma assessment checklist)
describe psychosocial consequences of post-military trauma exposure(s) (treatment received, disruption to work, adverse health consequences)
Post-Military Psychosocial Adjustment (refer to social-industrial survey if completed) · legal history (DWIs, arrests, time spent in jail)
employment history (describe periods of employment and reasons)
marital and family relationships (including quality of relationships with children)
degree and quality of social relationships
activities and leisure pursuits
problematic substance abuse (lifetime and current)
significant medical disorders (resulting pain or disability; current medications)
treatment history for significant medical conditions, including hospitalizations
history of inpatient and/or outpatient psychiatric care (dates and conditions treated)
history of assaultiveness
history of suicide attempts
summary statement of current psychosocial functional status (performance in employment or schooling, routine responsibilities of self care, family role functioning, physical health, social/interpersonal relationships, recreation/leisure pursuits)
E. Mental Status Examination
Conduct a brief mental status examination aimed at screening for DSM-IV mental disorders. Describe and fully explain the existence, frequency and extent of the following signs and symptoms, or any others present, and relate how they interfere with employment and social functioning:
Impairment of thought process or communication.
Delusions, hallucinations and their persistence.
Eye Contact, interaction in session, and inappropriate behavior cited with examples.
Suicidal or homicidal thoughts, ideations or plans or intent.
Ability to maintain minimal personal hygiene and other basic activities of daily living.
Orientation to person, place and time.
Memory loss, or impairment (both short and long-term).
Obsessive or ritualistic behavior which interferes with routine activities and describe any found.
Rate and flow of speech and note any irrelevant, illogical, or obscure speech patterns and whether constant or intermittent.
Panic attacks noting the severity, duration, frequency and effect on independent functioning and whether clinically observed or good evidence of prior clinical or equivalent observation is shown.
Depression, depressed mood or anxiety.
Impaired impulse control and its effect on motivation or mood.
Sleep impairment and describe extent it interferes with daytime activities.
Other disorders or symptoms and the extent they interfere with activities, particularly:
mood disorders (especially major depression and dysthymia)
substance use disorders (especially alcohol use disorders)
anxiety disorders (especially panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder)
personality disorders (especially antisocial personality disorder and borderline personality disorder)
Specify onset and duration of symptoms as acute, chronic, or with delayed onset.
F. Assessment of PTSD
state whether or not the veteran meets the DSM-IV stressor criterion
identify behavioral, cognitive, social, affective, or somatic change veteran attributes to stress exposure
describe specific PTSD symptoms present (symptoms of trauma re-experiencing, avoidance/numbing, heightened physiological arousal, and associated features [e.g., disillusionment and demoralization])
specify onset, duration, typical frequency, and severity of symptoms
G. Psychometric Testing Results
provide psychological testing if deemed necessary
provide specific evaluation information required by the rating board or on a BVA Remand.
comment on validity of psychological test results
provide scores for PTSD psychometric assessments administered
state whether PTSD psychometric measures are consistent or inconsistent with a diagnosis of PTSD, based on normative data and established "cutting scores" (cutting scores that are consistent with or supportive of a PTSD diagnosis are as follows: PCL > 50; Mississippi Scale > 107; MMPI PTSD subscale a score > 28; MMPI code type: 2-8 or 2-7-8)
state degree of severity of PTSD symptoms based on psychometric data (mild, moderate, or severe)
describe findings from psychological tests measuring problems other than PTSD (MMPI, etc.)
The Diagnosis must conform to DSM-IV and be supported by the findings on the examination report.
If there are multiple mental disorders, delineate to the extent possible the symptoms associated with each and a discussion of relationship.
Evaluation is based on the effects of the signs and symptoms on occupational and social functioning.
NOTE: VA is prohibited by statute, 38 U.S.C. 1110, from paying compensation for a disability that is a result of the veteran's own ALCOHOL OR DRUG ABUSE. However, when a veteran's alcohol or drug abuse disability is secondary to or is caused or aggravated by a primary service-connected disorder, the veteran may be entitled to compensation. See Allen v. Principi, 237 F.3d 1368, 1381 (Fed. Cir. 2001). Therefore, it is important to determine the relationship, if any, between a service-connected disorder and a disability resulting from the veteran's alcohol or drug abuse. Unless alcohol or drug abuse is secondary to or is caused or aggravated by another mental disorder, you should separate, to the extent possible, the effects of the alcohol or drug abuse from the effects of the other mental disorder(s). If it is not possible to separate the effects in such cases, please explain why.
I. Diagnostic Status
Axis I disorders
Axis II disorders
Axis III disorders
Axis IV (psychosocial and environmental problems)
Axis V (GAF score - current)
J. Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF):
NOTE: The complete multi-axial format as specified by DSM-IV may be required by BVA REMAND or specifically requested by the rating specialist. If so, include the GAF score and note whether it refers to current functioning. A BVA REMAND may also request, in addition to an overall GAF score, that a separate GAF score be provided for each mental disorder present when there are multiple Axis I or Axis II diagnoses and not all are service-connected. If separate GAF scores can be given, an explanation and discussion of the rationale is needed. If it is not possible, an explanation as to why not is needed. (See the above note pertaining to alcohol or drug abuse, the effects of which cannot be used to assess the effects of a service-connected condition.)
DSM-IV is only for application from 11/7/96 on. Therefore, when applicable note whether the diagnosis of PTSD was supportable under DSM-III-R prior to that date. The prior criteria under DSM-III-R are provided as an attachment.
K. Capacity to Manage Financial Affairs: Mental competency, for VA benefits purposes, refers only to the ability of the veteran to manage VA benefit payments in his or her own best interest, and not to any other subject. Mental incompetency, for VA benefits purposes, means that the veteran, because of injury or disease, is not capable of managing benefit payments in his or her best interest. In order to assist raters in making a legal determination as to competency, please address the following:
What is the impact of injury or disease on the veteran's ability to manage his or her financial affairs, including consideration of such things as knowing the amount of his or her VA benefit payment, knowing the amounts and types of bills owed monthly, and handling the payment prudently? Does the veteran handle the money and pay the bills himself or herself?
Based on your examination, do you believe that the veteran is capable of managing his or her financial affairs? Please provide examples to support your conclusion.
If you believe a Social Work Service assessment is needed before you can give your opinion on the veteran's ability to manage his or her financial affairs, please explain why.
L. Other Opinion: Furnish any other specific opinion requested by the rating board or BVA remand (furnish the complete rationale and citation of medical texts or treatise supporting opinion, if medical literature review was undertaken). If the requested opinion is medically not ascertainable on exam or testing please state why. If the requested opinion can not be expressed without resorting to speculation or making improbable assumptions say so, and explain why. If the opinion asks " ... is it at least as likely as not ... ", fully explain the clinical findings and rationale for the opinion. M. Integrated Summary and Conclusions
Describe changes in psychosocial functional status and quality of life following trauma exposure (performance in employment or schooling, routine responsibilities of self care, family role functioning, physical health, social/interpersonal relationships, recreation/leisure pursuits)
Describe linkage between PTSD symptoms and aforementioned changes in impairment in functional status and quality of life. Particularly in cases where a veteran is unemployed, specific details about the effects of PTSD and its symptoms on employment are especially important.
If possible, describe extent to which disorders other than PTSD (e.g., substance use disorders) are independently responsible for impairment in psychosocial adjustment and quality of life. If this is not possible, explain why (e.g., substance use had onset after PTSD and clearly is a means of coping with PTSD symptoms).
If possible, describe pre-trauma risk factors or characteristics than may have rendered the veteran vulnerable to developing PTSD subsequent to trauma exposure.
If possible, state prognosis for improvement of psychiatric condition and impairments in functional status.
Comment on whether veteran is capable of managing his or her financial affairs.
Original located at: http://www.vba.va.gov/bln/21/Benefits/exams/disexm43.htm
Psychological and Psychiatric eval are 5 Axis.
Psychological and Psychiatric evaluations are characterized by the body of the report and at the end there are 5 Axis.
Axis I: Clinical Disorders (Depression, Anxiety, OCD, etc)
Axis II: Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation
Axis III: Genral Medical Conditions that contribute to your mental disorders
Axis IV: Psychosocial and Environmental Problems: marriage , work, school, stress, illness, abuse, uemployment problems. etc.
Severity: 1-None. 2-mild, 3-Moderate, 4-Severe/Chronic.
Axis V: Global Adaptive Functioning (GAF)
Higest GAF past year
91 - 100
Person has no problems OR has superior functioning in several areas OR is admired and sought after by others due to positive qualities
81 - 90
Person has few or no symptoms. Good functioning in several areas. No more than "everyday" problems or concerns.
71 - 80
Person has symptoms/problems, but they are temporary, expectable reactions to stressors. There is no more than slight impairment in any area of psychological functioning.
61 - 70
Mild symptoms in one area OR difficulty in one of the following: social, occupational, or school functioning. BUT, the person is generally functioning pretty well and has some meaningful interpersonal relationships.
51 - 60
Moderate symptoms OR moderate difficulty in one of the following: social, occupational, or school functioning.
41 - 50
Serious symptoms OR serious impairment in one of the following: social, occupational, or school functioning.
31 - 40
Some impairment in reality testing OR impairment in speech and communication OR serious impairment in several of the following: occupational or school functioning, interpersonal relationships, judgment, thinking, or mood.
21 - 30
Presence of hallucinations or delusions which influence behavior OR serious impairment in ability to communicate with others OR serious impairment in judgment OR inability to function in almost all areas.
11 - 20
There is some danger of harm to self or others OR occasional failure to maintain personal hygiene OR the person is virtually unable to communicate with others due to being incoherent or mute.
1 - 10
Persistent danger of harming self or others OR persistent inability to maintain personal hygiene OR person has made a serious attempt at suicide.
Tiểu buốt ra máu ở nữ là hiện tượng không hiếm gặp nhưng thường bị lơ là. Chị em chỉ thật sự chú ý khi hiện tượng này kèm theo nhiều triệu chứng nguy hiểm dẫn đến sức khỏe suy giảm trầm trọng. Để có cách khắc phục hiệu quả, nên cần biết đi tiểu buốt ra máu ở nữ giới là bệnh gì? Cùng theo chân chuyên gia phòng khám đi tìm câu trả lời nhé!
Đi tiểu buốt ra máu ở nữ giới là bệnh gì?
Tiểu buốt ra máu là hiện tượng đau rát khi tiểu và trong nước tiểu có lẫn máu. Nữ giới rất dễ nhận biết vì xuất hiện máu đỏ trong nước tiểu nhưng cũng có trường hợp máu bị hòa lẫn trong nước tiểu và thường có màu hồng nhạt hoặc nâu. Hơn nữa, một số trường hợp gây cảm giác khó tiểu, cảm giác đau đớn như kim châm, tiểu không thoải mái, nước tiểu thường nhỏ giọt, ngắt quãng.
Tiểu buốt ra máu là hiện tượng thường gặp trong sinh hoạt hàng ngày. Đây là triệu chứng chung của một số căn bệnh nguy hiểm có thể gây biến chứng trầm trọng đến sức khỏe. Để chị em sớm biết được lý do gây nên tình trạng này, dưới đây là các bệnh có thể kể đến:
Xem thêm: hiện tượng sau khi đặt thuốc
Viêm đường tiết niệu
Viêm bàng quang
Viêm nội mạc tử cung
Viêm niệu đạo mãn tính
***KHUYẾN CÁO TỪ BÁC SĨ CHUYÊN KHOA: Để xác định chính xác nguyên nhân gây nên hiện tượng đi tiểu buốt ra máu ở nữ giới, các bác sĩ chuyên khoa tại Phòng Khám Đa Khoa Lê Lợi lưu ý bệnh nhân nên tìm đến những cơ sở y tế uy tín, chất lượng để thực hiện thăm khám phụ khoa và thực hiện các bước cần thiết. Nếu được chẩn đoán mắc bệnh, phái nữ nên tuân thủ theo đúng phác đồ do bác sĩ chuyên khoa đưa ra.
Cách điều trị tình trạng đi tiểu ra máu tại Phòng Khám Đa Khoa Lê Lợi
Trước khi đi vào liệu trình điều trị, bệnh nhân cần thực hiện thăm khám, xét nghiệm để chuyên gia xác định chính xác đây là bệnh gì? Vì hiện tượng đi tiểu buốt ra máu cảnh báo nhiều căn bệnh nguy hiểm nên nữ giới phải hết sức chú ý.
Hiện nay, tại Phòng Khám Đa Khoa Lê Lợi chúng tôi có các phương pháp điều trị tiểu buốt ra máu như sau:
Điều trị bằng thuốc
Thông thường, đối với các trường hợp tiểu buốt ra máu nhẹ, xuất hiện không thường xuyên bác sĩ sẽ hướng dẫn sử dụng các loại kháng sinh, kháng viêm đi kèm với thuốc đặc trị. Tùy mỗi bệnh lý mà liều lượng và cách dùng thuốc khác nhau. Với những loại thuốc kể trên sẽ giúp cải thiện triệu chứng tiểu buốt ra máu, làm suy giảm triệu chứng, hạn chế tình trạng sưng tấy, tổn thương, làm giảm đau trong một số trường hợp cần thiết.
Ngoài ra, bệnh nhân có thể dùng các loại thuốc đặc trị khác để hạn chế sự bài tiết của nước tiểu, giảm tình trạng đi tiểu nhiều lần, đau rát khi tiểu, ngăn ngừa tình trạng nhiễm trùng bàng quang, giảm chứng són tiểu.
Lưu ý: Việc dùng thuốc cần tuân theo đúng chỉ định, bệnh nhân không được tự ý thay đổi thuốc hay ngưng sử dụng khi chưa được sự cho phép của chuyên gia y tế.
Xem thêm: tinh trùng dính vào quần lót có thai không
Điều trị ngoại khoa
Đối với một số trường hợp bệnh trở nặng, bác sĩ chuyên khoa sẽ quyết định điều trị bằng các phương pháp sau:
+ Vật lý trị liệu: Bác sĩ chuyên khoa sẽ sử dụng tia sóng ngắn, sóng viba, sóng không gian để khắc phục tình trạng bệnh viêm niệu đạo; viêm thận, viêm bể thận; viêm đường tiết niệu; viêm bàng quang,…
+ Phương pháp DHA: Chữa trị bệnh lậu hiệu quả giúp cải thiện chứng tiểu ra máu, tiểu buốt ở nữ giới.
Tiểu buốt ra máu ở nữ là triệu chứng bất thường do đó việc hiểu rõ thông tin về căn bệnh này sẽ giúp bạn đề phòng và chữa trị bệnh hiệu quả hơn. Để chữa trị hiệu quả, bệnh nhân có thể liên hệ với Phòng Khám Đa Khoa Lê Lợi qua số Hotline 039 863 8725 để được hỗ trợ nhanh chóng.
Separate names with a comma.